Location of Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte on the map of Sri Lanka -
Sri Jayawardenapura - Kotte, Sri Jayawardenepura - Kotte, Sri Lanka
Sri Jayawardenepura - Kotte is the administrative capital of Sri Lanka, built on drained marshland, based here since the formal inauguration of new Parliamentary Legislature buildings on 29th of April 1982, located beyond the eastern suburbs of the commercial capital of Sri Lanka; Colombo.
Sri Jayawardanapura Kotte distance from Colombo - Within the same region.
The planning of Sri Jayawardenepura - Kotte was started in 1979, with the Government decision to redevelop Kotte and its suburbs as the administrative capital of Sri Lanka; this is when Kotte got back its name Sri-Jaya-Vardhana-Pura-Kotte, translated as "the blessed fortress city of growing victory".
Sri Jayawardenepura-Kotte, also known locally as the new capital territory, was the triangular shaped capital fortress of the kings of Kotte Kingdom, first constructed by the Tamil chief Nissanka Alagakkonara, and had been so between the 14th and 16th centuries, before the Portuguese and Dutch arrived. The New Capital territory is surrounded by the fresh water lake Diyawanna Oya fed by the river of the same name.
The Portuguese arrived on Ceylon, as Sri Lanka was known then, in 1505 and initially welcomed by the Kotte king but by 1565 the Portuguese had colonised the city. The city underwent repeated assaults from the neighbouring kingdom of Sitawaka. The Portuguese abandoned Kotte and made the coastal town of Colombo their new capital.
There are few archeological remains of the old city apart from traces of the moat and ramparts. Some of the original block work has found its way into local construction projects.
Jayawardhanapura means "victory enhancing city" in Sinhalese and was the name given to the place by the ancient chief Alagakkonara. Today it also houses the campus of the Sri Lanka Open University and the University of Sri Jayawardenapura.
We apologise for the repetition of some place or proper names with different spellings, but there is no definitive spelling translation of these words.
We welcome reviews of any Sri Lanka resorts, hotels or visitor attractions. Please see our contributing writer's guidelines.
The conflict between the Government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, commonly known as “the Tamil Tigers”) ended in May 2009. Although the conflict is over, the LTTE are believed to retain some capability to mount terrorist attacks such as grenade or explosive device attacks and shootings. The Government has relaxed the State of Emergency, under which it has extensive anti-terrorism powers but there are still heightened levels of security (e.g. checkpoints, road blocks) throughout the country. You should exercise a high level of vigilance. The risk for the most part is one of being caught in the wrong place at the wrong time. In order to minimise this, you should avoid military, government and paramilitary locations. Always carry formal photographic identification with you. Stop and show your ID when asked to do so. If you are detained, you should ask the authorities to contact the British High Commission.
Fatal attacks linked to the LTTE occurred throughout the country into 2009.
Most attacks have been directed against Government and military targets though
a number have been focussed on civilian targets such as crowded public places,
public transport and market areas. Some of the most significant attacks included
a suicide bomb at a political gathering in March 2009 and an air raid on military
targets in Colombo in February 2009.
JeGraNet.com statement - 15 October 2008 - Quote from the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office website: "There is a high threat from terrorism in Sri Lanka. Fatal attacks have become more frequent. They have occurred in Colombo and throughout Sri Lanka, including places frequented by expatriate and foreign travellers. Further attacks may occur at any time. There is an increasing risk of British nationals being caught up in an attack". As independent travellers we left Colombo after just 9 days into our planned 6 month stay as a result of a feeling of insecurity, however we are sure that 'package tour' travellers to tourist resorts will probably enjoy a worry free holiday.